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Military in Guatemala


The military of Guatemala consists of National Army of Guatemala (Ejercito Nacional de Guatemala, ENG), the Guatemalan Navy (Marina de la Defensa Nacional, includes Marines) and the Guatemalan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Guatemalteca, FAG).

Guatemala is a signatory to the Rio Pact and was a member of the Central American Defence Council (CONDECA). The President of the Republic is commander-in-chief. The Minister of Defence is responsible for policy. Day-to-day operations are the responsibility of the military chief of staff and the national defence staff.

In 2004 the army has gone beyond its accord-mandated target, and has implemented troop reductions from an estimated 28,000 to 15,500 troops, including subordinate air force (1,000) and navy (1,000) elements. It is equipped with armaments and material from the United States, Israel, Taiwan, Argentina, Spain, and France. As part of the army downsizing, the operational structure of 19 military zones and three strategic brigades are being recast as several military zones are eliminated and their area of operations absorbed by others. The air force operates three air bases; the navy has two port bases.


Military branches : National Army of Guatemala (Ejercito Nacional de Guatemala, ENG; includes Guatemalan Navy (Fuerza de Mar, including Marines), Guatemalan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Guatemalteca, FAG)) (2013)
Military service age and obligation : all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 50 are liable for military service; in practice, a selective draft system is employed, with only a small portion of 17-21 year-olds conscripted; conscript service obligation varies from 1 to 2 years; women can serve as officers (2013)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 3,165,870
females age 16-49: 3,371,217 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service

: males age 16-49: 2,590,843
females age 16-49: 2,926,544 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 171,092
female: 168,151 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 0.4% of GDP (2009)




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