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Population in Guatemala
 
 
 

General

The population of Guatemala in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 12,701,000, which placed it at number 69 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 4% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 42% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 95 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 2.8%, a rate the government viewed as too high. Although the government implemented programs that provide access to subsidised contraception, only 31% of women used modern contraception and the fertility rate remained high at 4.9 births per woman. The projected population for the year 2025 was 19,962,000. The population density was 117 per km² (302 per mi²). Most of the population is concentrated in the southern third of the country.

The UN estimated that 39% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.27%. The capital city, Guatemala City, had a population of 951,000 in that year. Other large cities and their estimated populations are Quezaltenango, 250,000, and Escuintla, 68,000.

The majority of the Guatemalan diaspora (due to the country's civil war) is located in the United States, with estimates ranging from 480,665 to 1,489,426. The difficulty in getting accurate counts for Guatemalans abroad is because many of them are refugee claimants awaiting determination of their status.

Overview

Population : 14,373,472 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 36.8% (male 2,691,572/female 2,591,873)
15-24 years: 22.2% (male 1,599,368/female 1,592,830)
25-54 years: 31.8% (male 2,170,071/female 2,402,330)
55-64 years: 5.1% (male 354,266/female 380,414)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 274,254/female 316,494) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios : total dependency ratio: 81.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 73.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.3 %
potential support ratio: 12.1 (2013)
Median age

: total: 20.7 years
male: 20 years
female: 21.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate : 1.91% (2013 est.)
Birth rate : 25.99 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate : 4.87 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate : -2.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 49% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Guatemala City (capital) 1.075 million (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth : 20.3
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 120 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 24.32 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.44 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 71.46 years
male: 69.56 years
female: 73.45 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate : 3.08 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate : 43.3% (2002)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.8% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 62,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : 2,600 (2009 est.)
Health expenditures : 6.9% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density : 0.9 physicians/1,000 population (1999)
Hospital bed density : 0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water source : improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access : improved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 70% of population
total: 88% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 30% of population
total: 22% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseases : improved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 70% of population
total: 88% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 30% of population
total: 22% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vector-borne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 19.2% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 13% (2009)
Nationality : noun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan
Ethnic groups : Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
Religions : Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Languages : Spanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%
note: there are 23 officially recognised Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna and Xinca
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.9%
male: 81.2%
female: 71.1% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2007)
Education expenditures : 2.8% of GDP (2010)
Child labour - children ages 5-14 : total number: 929,852
percentage: 21 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 7.1% (2011)
 

 
 

 



 


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