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Transnational Issues in Guatemala

Disputes – International

The annual ministerial meetings under the OAS-initiated Agreement on the Framework for Negotiations and Confidence Building Measures continue to address Guatemalan land and maritime claims in Belize and the Caribbean Sea. The Line of Adjacency created under the 2002 Differendum serves in lieu of the contiguous international boundary to control squatting in the sparsely inhabited rain forests of Belize's border region. Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the porous border looking for work in Mexico and the United States.

Refugees & Internally Displaced People (IDPs)

The UN does not estimate there are any IDPs in Guatemala, although some NGOs estimate over 200,000 IDPs as a result of over three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996.

Human Trafficking

Guatemala is a source, transit and destination country for Guatemalans and Central Americans trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labour. Human trafficking is a significant and growing problem in the country. Guatemalan women and children are trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation, primarily to Mexico and the United States. Guatemalan men, women and children are also trafficked within the country, and to Mexico and the United States, for forced labour.

Illicit Drugs

Guatemala is a major transit country for cocaine and heroin. In 2005, the country cultivated 100 hectares of opium poppy after re-emerging as a potential source of opium in 2004; potential production of less than 1 metric ton of pure heroin. Marijuana cultivation is mostly for domestic consumption.

Guatemala's proximity to Mexico makes the country a major staging area for drugs, particularly cocaine. Money laundering and corruption are serious problems in Guatemala.





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